- Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River
- Burma's largest river system; bisects the country in a north-south direction, linking Upper and Lower Burma. Its headwaters (the confluence of two smaller rivers) rise just north of Myitkyina in Kachin State, and it is navigable year round for a length of 1,448 kilometers (905 miles) between Bhamo and the sea. Over the centuries, the Irrawaddy has been the single most important geographic factor in central Burma's political, cultural, and economic integration: With the exception of Pegu (Bago), all of Burma's major historical capitals have been located on or near it, including Mandalay, Pagan, Ava (Inwa), Amarapura, and Sagaing. Rangoon (Yangon) is connected to it by the Twante Canal. Even after the introduction of rail, air, and highway transport during the British colonial period, it has been the country's main commercial artery. In the early 20th century, the Irrawaddy Flotilla Corporation operated the world's largest fleet of riverboats and carried nine million passengers a year. The first bridge to span the river was the Ava Bridge, built by the British in 1934 but heavily damaged during World War II; the Chinese built a second bridge near Prome (Pyay) in 1998. With Chinese assistance, the river is being deepened with dredges, making it part of a new transportation system reaching from Yunnan Province to the Bay of Bengal (including a highway connecting a port on the river with the coast of Arakan [Rakhine] State). Just upriver from Pagan the Irrawaddy is joined by Chindwin (Chindwinn) River; to the south, the Irrawaddy Delta, which empties into the Andaman Sea, is large and fertile, providing an ideal environment for the cultivation of paddy rice.See also Mekong River; Salween River; Sittang River.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) Division — One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 35,139 square kilometres (13,567 square miles) and an estimated population in 2000 of 6.8 million (1983 census figure: 4,994,061). The divisional capital is Bassein (Pathein), and the… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Ayeyarwady River — Geobox River name = Ayeyarwaddy native name = my. ဧရာဝတီမြစ် other name = Irrawaddy other name1 = image size = image caption = Temporary farming settlements on islands of Ayeyarwady River country = Burma country1 = state = state1 = region =… … Wikipedia
Ayeyarwady River — See Irrawaddy River … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Irrawaddy River — Coordinates: 15°51′19″N 95°14′27″E / 15.85528°N 95.24083°E / 15.85528; 95.24083 … Wikipedia
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Irrawaddy — may refer to:*Ayeyarwady River, the primary river of Myanmar *Irrawaddy Delta, a rice growing region of the country, a region which is currently suffering from a disaster *Ayeyarwady Division, an administrative division of Myanmar * The Irrawaddy … Wikipedia
Irrawaddy Delta — The Irrawaddy Delta or Ayeyarwady Delta lies in the Irrawaddy Division, the lowest expanse of land in Burma that fans out from the limit of tidal influence at Myan Aung to the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, 290 km to the south at the mouth of the … Wikipedia
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